Country: India Category: Religion By: Kiki
Shiva, also spelled Siva or Shiv, is one of the principal deities of Hinduism. Often called "the Destroyer", Shiva is one of the Trimurti, along with Brahma the Creator and Vishnu the Preserver. Within Shaivism he is viewed as the supreme deity, whereas in other branches of Hinduism such as the Smarta tradition he is worshipped as one of five manifestations of the divine. Followers of Hinduism who focus their worship upon Shiva are called Shaivites or Shaivas. His role as the primary deity of Shaivism is reflected in his epithets, "Mahadeva" (great god; maha = great + deva = god), "Mahesvara" (great lord), and "Paramesvara" (supreme Lord). Shaivism, along with Vaisnava traditions that focus on Vishnu, and Sakta traditions that focus on the goddess (Devi) are three of the most influential denominations in Hinduism.

Shiva is usually represented by the Shiva Linga, and in images, he is generally immersed in deep meditation.

The Sanskrit word "siva" is an adjective meaning kind, friendly, gracious, or auspicious. As a proper name it means "The Auspicious One". In simple English transliteration it is written either as Shiva or Siva.

The worship of Shiva is a pan-Hindu tradition, practiced widely across all of India. Modern historians believe that the figure of Shiva as we know him today was built-up over time, with the ideas of many regional cults being amalgamated into a single figure. How the persona of Shiva converged as a composite deity is not well-documented. An example of assimilation took place in Maharashtra, where a regional deity named Khandoba is a patron deity of farming and herding castes. Khandoba has been assimilated both as a name for Karttikya and also as a form of Shiva himself in which case he is worshipped in the form of a Lingam. The Lingam, also Linga and Shiva Linga, literally means "mark" or "sign" and is a symbol for the worship Shiva. While its origins are debated, the use of this symbol for worship is an ancient tradition in India extending back to the early Indus Valley civilization.

A seal discovered during excavation of the Mohenjo-daro archaeological site in the Indus Valley has drawn attention as a possible representation of a "proto-Shiva" figure. This "Pashupati" (Lord of Animals) seal shows a seated figure, possibly ithyphallic, surrounded by animals. Sir John Marshall and others have claimed that this figure is a prototype of Shiva, and have described the figure as having three faces, seated in a "yoga posture" with the knees out and feet joined. This claim has not fared well with some modern academics. Gavin Flood characterizes these views as "speculative", saying that while it is not clear from the seal that the figure has three faces, is seated in a yoga posture, or even that the shape is intended to represent a human figure, it is nevertheless possible that there are echoes of Shaiva iconographic themes, such as half-moon shapes resembling the horns of a bull.

Shiva as we know him today shares many features with the Vedic god Rudra and both Shiva and Rudra are viewed as the same personality in a number of Hindu traditions. Rudra, the god of the roaring storm, is usually portrayed in accordance with the element he represents as a fierce, destructive deity. A god named Rudra is mentioned in the Rig Veda, the oldest surviving text of Hinduism, which is dated to between 17001100 BCE based on linguistic and philological evidence. The name Rudra is still used as a name for Shiva.

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We've areivrd at the end of the line and I have what I need!
December 05, 2016



Wait, I cannot fathom it being so stograhtfirward.
December 05, 2016



James, Tarun, Amy, Rakesh, Riet, Spiderdama, Kirigalpoththa, Phivos, Regina, Laura, Joe: Thanks for the appreciation. Protege, Wil: The Lingam (the Sanskrit mnaeing "mark" or "sign") is a symbol for the worship of the Hindu deity Shiva.Anya, George, Sylvia, Chubskulit, simchieinspires, Juana, Bobbie, tapirgal, Cassie, Bhushavali, magiceye: Thanks for the appreciation.Babli, Sumandbray: Thanks, This place can be visited any number of times. It is always interesting.Guy, Dorte, christina, BLOGitse, Jane, fufu, Deepak, Pam, David: Thanks for the appreciation.Rekhha, Bharath: Thanks, This place can be visited any number of times. It is always interesting.
November 05, 2014



HI Kavitha, the Shiva Linga is not a symbol resenblimg the human phallus. It has some other deeper meaning. It is sad to see even great shiva devotees like you not realising the true meaning.SHiva resembles the universe whereas the Phallus and the Yoni are just symbols of Human sex organs.therfore it is a sin even to think of the Linga as a symbol that epitomizes human copulation.This example may hold good for normal people, but not for devotees.So please do more research and throw light upon this topic in your future posts.I once again Re-iterate, the LINGA IS NOT A SEX SYMBOL
November 05, 2014
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