Country: Japan Category: Culture By: appleapple
Ikebana is the Japanese art of flower arrangement. The name is a combination of the words ikeru (place, arrange) and hana (flower). Ikebana began as a kind of ritual flower offering made in Buddhist temples in Japan during the sixth century, with the first written account dating back to the tenth century. In these arrangements, both the flowers and the branches were made to point toward heaven as an indication of faith. Tatebana (vertical flower) in the Muromachi era (14-16th century) was regarded as the first style that could be called Ikebana and was usually arranged in high narrow vase.

A more sophisticated style of flower arrangement, called rikka (standing flowers), appeared in the 15th century. The rikka style reflects the harmony of nature and its display. For example, pine branches symbolize rocks and stones, and white chrysanthemums symbolize a river or small stream. The rikka style reached the peak of its popularity in the 17th century when it was used as a decorative technique for ceremonial and festive occasions. Today rikka is regarded as an antiquated form of flower arrangement and is rarely practiced.

The most significant changes in the history of Ikebana took place during the 15th century, when the Muromachi shōgun Ashikaga Yoshimasa (14361490) ruled Japan. The large buildings and small houses that Yoshimasa built expressed his love for simplicity. These small houses contained tokonoma, where people could place objects of art and flower arrangements. It was during this period that the rules of Ikebana were simplified and became popular among people of all classes.

Another major development took place in the late 16th century when a more simple style of flower arrangement called nageire (throw in/fling in) appeared as part of the tea ceremony. According to this style, flowers are arranged in a vase as naturally as possible, no matter what materials are used. Because of its association with the tea ceremony, this style is also called cha bana (tea flowers).

In the 1890s, shortly after the Meiji Restoration (a period of modernization and westernization in Japan), a new style of Ikebana developed called moribana (piled-up flowers). This style appeared partly due to the introduction of western flowers and partly due to the westernization of Japanese living. The moribana style, which created a new freedom in flower arranging, was used primarily for landscape or garden scenes and could be adapted to both formal and informal situations.

Along with the tea ceremony and calligraphy, Ikebana was one of the arts in which women were traditionally schooled in preparation for marriage. Today, flower arrangement is venerated as one of the traditional arts in Japan. It is practiced on many occasions, such as ceremonies and parties, and is still considered a popular subject of study.

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Well done arlctie that. I'll make sure to use it wisely.
December 05, 2016



Your post has litfed the level of debate
December 05, 2016



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November 05, 2014
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